What is .SWP file extension?
Swap file created by the Vi text editor or one of its variants such as Vim (Vi iMproved) and gVim; stores the recovery version of a file that is being edited in the program; also serves as a lock file so that no other Vi editing session can concurrently write to the file.
SWP files are created immediately when a Vi text editing session is started, and they are saved to the same directory as their original file. For example, a text file with the name example.txt would have a swap file named .example.txt.swp.
If a Vi session terminates due to a program kill or crash, the SWP file still remains. This allows users to recover the data using the "(R)ecover" option when opening the original file. However, if you do not need to recover data, you can manually delete the SWP file so that the warning message stops appearing.
When trying to open a file that has a swap file, Vi provides the following message: "Swap file .example.txt.swp already exists!" (where example.txt is the file being opened). From this dialog, you can choose these options: 1) [O]pen Read-Only, 2) (E)dit, 3) (R)ecover, 4) (Q)uit, or 4) (A)bort.
NOTE: The original Vi editor was developed by Bill Joy, the co-founder of Sun Microsystems.
You can see a list of software programs here on www.easyfileopener.org that can open this file type so that you don’t need to search for it on the web. You can then open your file with this extension using a software listed below.